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It is a peninsula , bordered on the north and east by the state of New York ; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean ; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania ; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous , with 9 million residents as of , [20] and the most densely populated of the 50 U.

New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia and is the third-wealthiest state by median household income as of New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2, years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements in the state. New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century.

In the first decades of the 21st century , this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, [26] [27] with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile -oriented suburbs since The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.

Around 18, years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic , as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges. New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact.

Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land that is now New Jersey. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans that were based upon common female ancestors. These clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle , Turkey , and Wolf.

They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, and their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade. The Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape , Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled. The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in along the North River which eventually became the Bergen.

The entire region became a territory of England on June 24, , after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is today New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam , annexing the entire province. James then granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River the land that would become New Jersey to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by ethnic and religious diversity.

English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony , Jamestown and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, and commercial farming developed sporadically.

The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, and New Jersey's population had increased to , by On March 18, , Berkeley sold his half of the colony to Quakers in England, who settled the Delaware Valley region as a Quaker colony. William Penn acted as trustee for the lands for a time. New Jersey was governed very briefly as two distinct provinces, East and West Jersey , for 28 years between and , at times part of the Province of New York or Dominion of New England.

In , the two provinces were reunited under a royal governor , rather than a proprietary one. Edward Hyde , Lord Cornbury, became the first governor of the colony as a royal colony. Britain believed that he was an ineffective and corrupt ruler, taking bribes and speculating on land. In he was recalled to England. New Jersey was then ruled by the governors of New York, but this infuriated the settlers of New Jersey, who accused those governors of favoritism to New York.

It was an act of the Provincial Congress , which made itself into the State Legislature. To reassure neutrals, it provided that it would become void if New Jersey reached reconciliation with Great Britain. During the American Revolutionary War , British and American armies crossed New Jersey numerous times, and several pivotal battles took place in the state.

After the crossing, he surprised and defeated the Hessian troops in the Battle of Trenton. Slightly more than a week after victory at Trenton , American forces gained an important victory by stopping General Cornwallis's charges at the Second Battle of Trenton. By evading Cornwallis's army, Washington made a surprise attack on Princeton and successfully defeated the British forces there on January 3, American forces under Washington met the forces under General Henry Clinton at the Battle of Monmouth in an indecisive engagement in June Washington attempted to take the British column by surprise; when the British army attempted to flank the Americans, the Americans retreated in disorder.

The ranks were later reorganized and withstood the British charges. In the summer of , the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall at Princeton University , making Princeton the nation's capital for four months.

It was there that the Continental Congress learned of the signing of the Treaty of Paris , which ended the war. On December 18, , New Jersey became the third state to ratify the United States Constitution , which was overwhelmingly popular in New Jersey, as it prevented New York and Pennsylvania from charging tariffs on goods imported from Europe. On November 20, , the state became the first in the newly formed Union to ratify the Bill of Rights.

The New Jersey State Constitution gave the vote to "all inhabitants" who had a certain level of wealth. This included women and blacks, but not married women, because they could not own property separately from their husbands.

Both sides, in several elections, claimed that the other side had had unqualified women vote and mocked them for use of "petticoat electors", whether entitled to vote or not; on the other hand, both parties passed Voting Rights Acts.

In , the legislature passed a bill interpreting the constitution to mean universal white male suffrage , excluding paupers; the constitution was itself an act of the legislature and not enshrined as the modern constitution. On February 15, , New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish new slavery and enacted legislation that slowly phased out existing slavery. This led to a gradual decrease of the slave population. Industrialization accelerated in the northern part of the state following completion of the Morris Canal in In , the second state constitution was ratified and brought into effect.

Counties thereby became districts for the State Senate, and some realignment of boundaries including the creation of Mercer County immediately followed. This provision was retained in the Constitution, but was overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States in by the decision Baker v. While the Governorship was stronger than under the constitution, the constitution of created many offices that were not responsible to him, or to the people, and it gave him a three-year term, but he could not succeed himself.

New Jersey was one of the few Union states the others being Delaware and Kentucky to select a candidate other than Abraham Lincoln twice in national elections, and sided with Stephen Douglas and George B. McClellan during their campaigns. In New Jersey, the factions of the Democratic party managed an effective coalition in During the course of the war, over 80, from the state enlisted in the Northern army; unlike many states, including some Northern ones, no battle was fought there.

In the Industrial Revolution , cities like Paterson grew and prospered. Previously, the economy had been largely agrarian, which was problematically subject to crop failures and poor soil. This caused a shift to a more industrialized economy, one based on manufactured commodities such as textiles and silk.

Inventor Thomas Edison also became an important figure of the Industrial Revolution, having been granted 1, patents , many of which for inventions he developed while working in New Jersey. Edison's facilities, first at Menlo Park and then in West Orange , are considered perhaps the first research centers in the U. Christie Street in Menlo Park was the first thoroughfare in the world to have electric lighting.

Transportation was greatly improved as locomotion and steamboats were introduced to New Jersey. Iron mining was also a leading industry during the middle to late 19th century. Bog iron pits in the southern New Jersey Pinelands were among the first sources of iron for the new nation. Mining generated the impetus for new towns and was one of the driving forces behind the need for the Morris Canal. Zinc mines were also a major industry, especially the Sterling Hill Mine.

New Jersey prospered through the Roaring Twenties. During the Great Depression of the s, the state offered begging licenses to unemployed residents, [38] the zeppelin airship Hindenburg crashed in flames over Lakehurst , and the SS Morro Castle beached itself near Asbury Park after going up in flames while at sea.

Through both World Wars , New Jersey was a center for war production, especially in naval construction, notably at Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.

Battleships, cruisers, and destroyers were made in the state. New Jersey manufactured 6. New Jersey also became a principal location for defense in the Cold War. PT , a motor torpedo boat commanded by Lt. In the s, race riots erupted in many of the industrial cities of North Jersey. Several others ensued in , in Newark and Plainfield. Other riots followed the assassination of Dr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. A riot occurred in Camden in As a result of an order from the New Jersey Supreme Court to fund schools equitably, the New Jersey legislature passed an income tax bill in Prior to this bill, the state had no income tax. In the early part of the s, two light rail systems were opened: The intent of these projects were to encourage transit-oriented development in North Jersey and South Jersey, respectively.

As of , Jersey City's Census-estimated population was ,, [49] with the largest population increase of any municipality in New Jersey since , [50] representing an increase of 5. New Jersey is often broadly divided into three geographic regions: Some New Jersey residents do not consider Central Jersey a region in its own right, but others believe it is a separate geographic and cultural area from the North and South.

Within those regions are five distinct areas, based upon natural geography and population concentration. Northeastern New Jersey lies closest to Manhattan in New York City , and up to 1 million residents commute daily into the city for work, often via public transportation.

The Jersey Shore , along the Atlantic Coast in Central and South Jersey, has its own unique natural, residential, and cultural characteristics owing to its location by the ocean. The Delaware Valley includes the southwestern counties of the state, which reside within the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area.

The Pine Barrens region is in the southern interior of New Jersey. Covered rather extensively by mixed pine and oak forest, it has a much lower population density than much of the rest of the state. Four counties have independent metro areas, and Warren County is part of the Pennsylvania-based Lehigh Valley metro area.

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The following article tells a brief tale about immigrant-on-immigrant violence in Cologne, with Muslims of immigrant background dealing it out and Russian immigrants as victims. It shows the attempts by a Turk to protect a Russian family and being killed for his trouble. The translated article from Quotenqueen:. Two criminal foreigners, free to terrorize their neighbors despite drug-related and violent crimes, killed a Turkish husband and father who tried to get them to behave.

It happened in a sector of the city called Bickendorf — a district notorious for years for immigrant violence and bordering on the thoroughly Islamized Ehrenfeld. But no one was killed. The Spanish government recently revoked his status as a political refugee in Spain, and he is due to be deported to Pakistan, where he will face the death penalty for blasphemy. There is currently a push to persuade the Canadian government to grant him and his family political asylum.

Firasat was interviewed recently on Alerta Digital TV. The video below shows the third part of the interview, and includes segments in English of a statement by Terry Jones. Part 1 , Part 2. Many thanks to our Spanish correspondent Hermes for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling:.

That means I am watching big, fat flakes accumulating on everything — though the driveway is still clear. Prior to that, we awoke this morning to heavy rains. It is our good fortune that there was never any period of transitional ice. Why am I talking about the weather, you ask? Because this heavy wet snow may well eventuate in a power outage.

Should that happen we would have no way to tell you why when, once again, no one seems to be home. And thanks to the generosity of our donors several years ago, we installed a gas cook stove so we can cook and have — thank heavens, again — hot coffee during the outage.

Yes, we are careful regarding the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning if we were to use the stove for heat. Yesterday we reported on a group of young Muslim men who accost pedestrians in certain parts of east London.

The original post included an embedded video taken by the group and posted on their YouTube account. As you all know by now, our blog was suddenly removed last night between 8 and 9pm EST for no apparent reason.

Blogger never provided any explanation before, during, or after the outage. I assume it was an internal technical problem at Google.

Below is a portion of a mass email I sent out earlier today to dozens of people who had written to us to ask what happened:. One second it was there; the next it was gone. If we had violated their terms of service, we should have received an email, according to their own established procedure.

But we received no email. And, as you can see, I still have the gmail account. Late last night I began the process that one always goes through with Blogger: We actually received a response, which is unusual with Google. Based on the replies, there seems to have been a major problem with Blogger last night. Many other blogs disappeared in the same fashion. But we should know for certain within another day or two. If it was a deliberate take-down, we will migrate to another platform with our own domain.

We back up the entire blog frequently, so only a few posts will be missing when we restore. After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address: Saturday, January 19, Seduced by Palestinian Propaganda.

Babel on the Danube. Austria — The number of German-speaking primary school students has declined dramatically The number of pupils with a first language other than German has doubled from to Barely any students with German as mother tongue in Vienna The nationwide statistics conceals the dramatic developments in Vienna, because German is hardly spoken in the primary schools of the federal capital.

Here We Go Again. A response from Takuan Seiyo: The Bee and the Lamb, Part 9 Continued. The translated article from Dagsavisen: Imam blames Jews for media coverage Controversial: Then a statement is made that many will find far more problematic. Snider started out as a secretary after getting her law degree, then began hitting milestone after milestone, breaking barriers for female executives across Hollywood as president of TriStar and then chairman of Universal Pictures.

Collins began her career as a production assistant with Disney in their animation department right after she graduated from college.

She was blown away by the work that surrounded her every day and went on to join Pixar in Before making the permanent jump to screenwriting, Goldman dabbled in a plethora of odd jobs. The Brit was once the host of a paranormal TV show, reporter, author of both fiction and the occasional how-to guide for teens. Brennan oversaw the expansion of ILM to include offices in Vancouver, London, and Singapore as well as the expansion of their offices in Northern California.

The result was epic: In addition to its pay TV, broadband internet, and phone services, the group expanded into OTT video service across Asia through Viu, which now has over 10 million subscribers in 17 countries, and the launch of free TV service ViuTV in Hong Kong over the past year.

As a leader for the development of Viu, Lee says how audiences consume content has changed tremendously with proliferation of connected devices and increasing mobile and fixed broadband across markets in Asia. But it was her business savvy that made her a true superstar for WWE. The exec credits her experience with WWE as a valuable teaching tool for her success behind the desk. The effort leverages the popularity of the WWE by using its audience to raise awareness.

Iinstead of scouting talent in bars on the lower east side of Manhattan, I began trolling YouTube and Twitter. This was the future and the fans were in charge. And according to the CEO, these experience-seekers are just a small example of what to expect from this new era of femmes and fans.

The internet has brought many like-minded women together and the community aspect has helped to inspire change. I see more women of all ages following their passions, starting businesses, and challenging the status quo. All you need is Wi-Fi and dream. She delivered Marvel its first headlining female superhero, who in turn, delivered Marvel Television its first Emmy.

It was the character I wanted to write my entire career. Thus far, the endeavor has the powerhouse producer booked until , as she ushers more and more Golden Age heroes to movie houses. Not bad for a woman who began her career in the ad world. Everyone finds their own path. Not everyone knows the roles behind the camera, and that is an issue of great importance to me. We are trying to make an effort to hire more women in these roles. Tiangco loves the speed of putting together commercials.

Yim has been leading her team to develop local and regional content that speaks to a global audience. Over the past year, Yim spearheaded the development of a number of projects at a scale that has never been done in Asia before.

Details of the miniseries productions are expected to be announced toward the end of These feats have all come shortly after the arrival of newly promoted HBO prez Casey Bloys, but there are some ladies in the mix who warrant a well-deserved shout-out. In a society that gives so much credence to the myth of perfection, this show will stand out in how it embraces the contradictions of marriage, sex, parenting and friendship. Dungey made history this year, becoming the first African-American president of a broadcast TV network.

Gateley joined Lifetime as exec VP and head of programming last year, and in that time, Lifetime launched 11 unscripted series, ordered two scripted pilots and aired more than 20 movies.

Mulrooney is tops in her field because she is extremely discreet. The veteran tax and wealth-planning lawyer represents the most recognizable names in entertainment and sports. Besides her work with Hollywood elite, she is being honored by the California Community Foundation with their Partners of Distinction Award, recognizing her contributuion to the foundation. Henderson, who has run the entertainment division for nearly 35 years, set the standard for private banking in showbiz.

I'm From New Jersey is incorrectly listed on many websites as being the New Jersey state song, but it was not even a contender when in the New Jersey Arts Council submitted their suggestions to the New Jersey Legislature. New Jersey is frequently the target of jokes in American culture, [] especially from New York City -based television shows, such as Saturday Night Live.

The New Jersey Turnpike , which runs between two major East Coast cities, New York City and Philadelphia , is also cited as a reason, as people who traverse through the state may only see its industrial zones. New Jersey is known for several foods developed within the region, including pork roll or Taylor ham , cheesesteaks , and scrapple.

Credit for the development of submarine sandwiches is claimed by several states with substantial Italian American populations, including New Jersey. New Jersey has long been an important origin for both rock and rap music. Prominent musicians from or with significant connections to New Jersey include:. Motion picture technology was developed by Thomas Edison , with much of his early work done at his West Orange laboratory. Edison's Black Maria was the first motion picture studio.

America's first motion picture industry started in in Fort Lee and the first studio was constructed there in A number of television shows and films have been filmed in New Jersey. Since , the state has maintained a Motion Picture and Television Commission to encourage filming in-state.

Governor Chris Christie suspended the credits in , but the New Jersey State Legislature in approved the restoration and expansion of the tax credit program. The New Jersey Turnpike is one of the most prominent and heavily trafficked roadways in the United States. This toll road carries Interstate 95 traffic between Delaware and New York, and up and down the East Coast in general. Commonly referred to as simply "the Turnpike," it is known for its numerous rest areas named after prominent New Jerseyans.

The Garden State Parkway , or simply "the Parkway," carries relatively more in-state traffic than interstate traffic and runs from New Jersey's northern border to its southernmost tip at Cape May. It is the main route that connects the New York metropolitan area to the Jersey Shore and is consistently one of the safest roads in the nation. With a total of 15 travel and 6 shoulder lanes, the Driscoll Bridge on the Parkway, spanning the Raritan River in Middlesex County , is the widest motor vehicle bridge in the world by number of lanes as well as one of the busiest.

New Jersey is connected to New York City via various key bridges and tunnels. The double-decked George Washington Bridge carries the heaviest load of motor vehicle traffic of any bridge in the world, at million vehicles per year, across fourteen lanes.

New Jersey has interstate compacts with all three of its neighboring states. Bridge tolls are collected in one direction only — it is free to cross into New Jersey, but motorists must pay when exiting the state, with a few exceptions. It is unlawful for a customer to serve themselves gasoline in New Jersey.

It became the last remaining U. United Airlines is the airport's largest tenant, operating an entire terminal there, which it uses as one of its primary hubs. FedEx Express operates a large cargo terminal at Newark as well.

Two smaller commercial airports, Atlantic City International Airport and Trenton-Mercer Airport , also operate in other parts of the state.

Teterboro Airport in Bergen County , and Millville Municipal Airport in Cumberland County , are general aviation airports popular with private and corporate aircraft due to their proximity to New York City and the Jersey Shore , respectively. NJ Transit operates extensive rail and bus service throughout the state. A state-run corporation, it began with the consolidation of several private bus companies in North Jersey in In the early s, it acquired Conrail's commuter train operations that connected suburban towns to New York City.

Today, NJ Transit has eleven commuter rail lines that run through different parts of the state. One line provides service between Atlantic City and Philadelphia , Pennsylvania. NJ Transit also operates three light rail systems in the state. The Newark Light Rail is partially underground, and connects downtown Newark with other parts of the city.

The River Line connects Trenton and Camden. Amtrak operates numerous long-distance passenger trains in New Jersey, both to and from neighboring states and around the country. Some private bus carriers still remain in New Jersey. Most of these carriers operate with state funding to offset losses and state owned buses are provided to these carriers, of which Coach USA companies make up the bulk.

Other carriers include private charter and tour bus operators that take gamblers from other parts of New Jersey, New York City, Philadelphia, and Delaware to the casino resorts of Atlantic City. The position of Governor of New Jersey has been considered one of the most powerful in the nation. Until , the governor was the only statewide elected executive official in the state and appointed numerous government officials.

Formerly, an acting governor was even more powerful as he simultaneously served as President of the New Jersey State Senate , thus directing half of the legislative and all of the executive process. In and , President of the State Senate Richard Codey held the position of acting governor for a short time, and from to Codey became a long-term acting governor due to Jim McGreevey 's resignation.

A amendment to the state Constitution prevents the Senate President from becoming acting governor in the event of a permanent gubernatorial vacancy without giving up her or his seat in the state Senate. Phil Murphy D is the Governor. The governor's mansion is Drumthwacket , located in Princeton. Before , New Jersey was one of the few states without a lieutenant governor. The position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8, and effective as of January 17, The current version of the New Jersey State Constitution was adopted in It provides for a bicameral New Jersey Legislature , consisting of an upper house Senate of 40 members and a lower house General Assembly of 80 members.

Each of the 40 legislative districts elects one State Senator and two Assembly members. Assembly members are elected for a two-year term in all odd-numbered years; State Senators are elected in the years ending in 1, 3, and 7 and thus serve either four- or two-year terms.

New Jersey is one of only five states that elects its state officials in odd-numbered years. The others are Kentucky , Louisiana , Mississippi , and Virginia. New Jersey holds elections for these offices every four years, in the year following each federal Presidential election year. Thus, the last year when New Jersey elected a Governor was ; the next gubernatorial election will occur in , with future gubernatorial elections to take place in , , , etc.

All are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of a majority of the membership of the State Senate. Justices serve an initial seven-year term, after which they can be reappointed to serve until age Most of the day-to-day work in the New Jersey courts is carried out in the Municipal Court, where simple traffic tickets, minor criminal offenses, and small civil matters are heard.

More serious criminal and civil cases are handled by the Superior Court for each county. All Superior Court judges are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of a majority of the membership of the State Senate. Each judge serves an initial seven-year term, after which he or she can be reappointed to serve until age New Jersey's judiciary is unusual in that it still has separate courts of law and equity , like its neighbor Delaware but unlike most other U.

The New Jersey Superior Court is divided into Law and Chancery Divisions at the trial level; the Law Division hears both criminal cases and civil lawsuits where the plaintiff's primary remedy is damages , while the Chancery Division hears family cases, civil suits where the plaintiff's primary remedy is equitable relief, and probate trials.

The Superior Court also has an Appellate Division , which functions as the state's intermediate appellate court. There is also a Tax Court, which is a court of limited jurisdiction.

Tax Court judges hear appeals of tax decisions made by County Boards of Taxation. They also hear appeals on decisions made by the Director of the Division of Taxation on such matters as state income, sales and business taxes, and homestead rebates. Tax Court judges are appointed by the Governor for initial terms of seven years, and upon reappointment are granted tenure until they reach the mandatory retirement age of There are 12 Tax Court judgeships.

New Jersey is divided into 21 counties; 13 date from the colonial era. New Jersey was completely divided into counties by ; the present counties were created by dividing the existing ones; most recently Union County in New Jersey is the only state in the nation where elected county officials are called "Freeholders," governing each county as part of its own Board of Chosen Freeholders.

The number of freeholders in each county is determined by referendum, and must consist of three, five, seven or nine members. Depending on the county, the executive and legislative functions may be performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders or split into separate branches of government.

In 16 counties, members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders perform both legislative and executive functions on a commission basis, with each Freeholder assigned responsibility for a department or group of departments.

In the other 5 counties Atlantic , Bergen , Essex , Hudson and Mercer , there is a directly elected County Executive who performs the executive functions while the Board of Chosen Freeholders retains a legislative and oversight role. In counties without an Executive, a County Administrator or County Manager may be hired to perform day-to-day administration of county functions. New Jersey currently has municipalities; the number was before Princeton Township and Princeton Borough merged to form the municipality of Princeton on January 1, Unlike other states, all New Jersey land is part of a municipality.

In , Governor Jon Corzine proposed cutting state aid to all towns under 10, people, to encourage mergers to reduce administrative costs. Starting in the 20th century, largely driven by reform-minded goals, a series of six modern forms of government was implemented. This began with the Walsh Act , enacted in by the New Jersey Legislature , which provided for a three- or five-member commission elected on a non-partisan basis.

This was followed by the Municipal Manager Law , which offered a non-partisan council, provided for a weak mayor elected by and from the members of the council, and introduced a Council-manager government structure with an appointed manager responsible for day-to-day administration of municipal affairs. The Faulkner Act , originally enacted in and substantially amended in , offers four basic plans: The act provides many choices for communities with a preference for a strong executive and professional management of municipal affairs and offers great flexibility in allowing municipalities to select the characteristics of its government: Most large municipalities and a majority of New Jersey's residents are governed by municipalities with Faulkner Act charters.

Municipalities can also formulate their own unique form of government and operate under a Special Charter with the approval of the New Jersey Legislature. While municipalities retain their names derived from types of government, they may have changed to one of the modern forms of government, or further in the past to one of the other traditional forms, leading to municipalities with formal names quite baffling to the general public.

For example, though there are four municipalities that are officially of the village type, Loch Arbour is the only one remaining with the village form of government. Socially, New Jersey is considered one of the more liberal states in the nation. New Jersey also has some of the most stringent gun control laws in the U. These include bans on assault firearms, hollow-nose bullets and even slingshots.

No gun offense in New Jersey is graded less than a felony. BB guns and black-powder guns are all treated as modern firearms. New Jersey does not recognize out-of-state gun licenses and aggressively enforces its own gun laws. In past elections, New Jersey was a Republican bastion, but recently has become a Democratic stronghold. Currently, New Jersey Democrats have majority control of both houses of the New Jersey Legislature Senate, 24—16, and Assembly, 47—33 , a 7—5 split of the state's twelve seats in the U.

House of Representatives , and both U. Because each candidate for lieutenant governor runs on the same ticket as the party's candidate for governor, the current Governor and Lieutenant Governor are members of the Democratic Party. The governor's appointments to cabinet and non-cabinet positions may be from either party; for instance, the Attorney General is a Democrat. In federal elections, the state leans heavily towards the Democratic Party.

For many years in the past, however, it was a Republican stronghold, having given comfortable margins of victory to the Republican candidate in the close elections of , , and New Jersey was a crucial swing state in the elections of , , and The state's Democratic strongholds include Camden County , Essex County typically the state's most Democratic county—it includes Newark , the state's largest city , Hudson County the second-strongest Democratic county, including Jersey City , the state's second-largest city ; Mercer County especially around Trenton and Princeton , Middlesex County , and Union County including Elizabeth , the state's fourth-largest city.

The suburban northwestern and southeastern counties of the state are reliably Republican: Republicans have support along the coast in Ocean County and in the mountainous northwestern part of the state, especially Morris County , Sussex County , and Warren County.

Other suburban counties, especially Bergen County and Burlington County had the majority of votes go to the Democratic Party. In the election, President Barack Obama won New Jersey with approximately fifty-seven percent of the vote, compared to McCain's forty-one percent. Independent candidate Ralph Nader garnered less than one percent of the vote. About one-third of the state's counties are considered "swing" counties, but some go more one way than others. For example, Salem County , the same is true with Passaic County , with a highly populated Hispanic Democratic south including Paterson , the state's third-largest city and a rural, Republican north; with the "swing" township of Wayne in the middle.

Other "swing" counties like Monmouth County , Somerset County , and Cape May County tend to go Republican, as they also have population in conservative areas, although Somerset has recently trended Democratic. To be eligible to vote in a U. On December 17, , Governor Jon Corzine signed into law a bill that would eliminate the death penalty in New Jersey.

New Jersey is the first state to pass such legislation since Iowa and West Virginia eliminated executions in There is also a mineral museum Ogdensburg in Sussex County. Visitors and residents take advantage of and contribute to performances at the numerous music, theater, and dance companies and venues located throughout the state, including:. New Jersey currently has four major league teams based in the state, although only one, the National Hockey League 's New Jersey Devils , bears the state's name.

Since , they have played their home games at the Prudential Center in Newark. The Meadowlands Sports Complex is also home to the Meadowlands Racetrack , one of three major harness racing tracks in the state. That track, along with Freehold Raceway in Freehold , are two of the major harness racing tracks in North America.

Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport is a popular spot for thoroughbred horse racing. It hosted the Breeders' Cup in , and its turf course was renovated in preparation. Rutgers joined the Big Ten Conference in Seton Hall's basketball team has been one of the most storied programs in the Big East Conference, [ citation needed ] and it plays its home games at the Prudential Center in Newark.

The Pirates made a huge comeback as a program in with a top-5 recruiting class nationally. The Pirates have support in the predominantly Roman Catholic areas of the northern part of the state and the Jersey Shore. Rutgers and Princeton have an intense rivalry — stemming from the first intercollegiate football game in — though the two schools have not met on the football field since They continue to play each other annually in other sports.

Rutgers, which fields 24 teams in various sports, is nationally known for its excellent football and women's basketball programs. The university also fields rising basketball and baseball programs. Sports are divided between 3 seasons fall, winter, and spring. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see New Jersey disambiguation. For other uses, see NJ disambiguation. The Flag of New Jersey. The Seal of New Jersey.

History of New Jersey. Colonial history of New Jersey. New Jersey in the American Revolution. New Jersey in the 19th century. New Jersey in the 20th century. New Jersey in the 21st century. Geography of New Jersey. Religion in New Jersey. List of counties in New Jersey.

List of municipalities in New Jersey. Largest cities or towns in New Jersey Source: New Jersey locations by per capita income. Biotech and pharmaceutical companies in New Jersey. Gambling in New Jersey. Cuisine of New Jersey. Music of New Jersey. List of radio stations in New Jersey.

Television and film of New Jersey. Transportation in New Jersey. List of New Jersey State Highways. Government of New Jersey. Phil Murphy D 56th Governor since January 16, Robert Menendez D Senior U.

Cory Booker D Junior U. Judiciary of New Jersey. List of New Jersey counties. Politics of New Jersey. Elections in New Jersey. Political party strength in New Jersey.

Capital punishment in New Jersey. List of museums in New Jersey. Sports in New Jersey. List of college athletic programs in New Jersey. List of New Jersey state symbols. List of people from New Jersey. New Jersey portal United States portal. Retrieved February 10, Retrieved July 25, Retrieved June 3, Retrieved 6 May Retrieved December 9, United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 24, The State of New Jersey.

Retrieved June 5, Natural Resources Conservation Service. United States Department of Agriculture.

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